By Ring T. Cardé, Jocelyn G. Millar
8 chapters think of the most recent learn and inspiration within the examine of the way bugs use chemical indications to speak with one another or to engage with different species. Written through the world over famous specialists, they specialize in themes corresponding to plant defenses opposed to bugs, floral odors that allure pollinators, host discovering by way of parasitic bugs, and pheromone-mediated interactions in cockroaches, moths, spiders, and mites. The booklet is vital analyzing for researchers and graduate scholars of chemically mediated verbal exchange in bugs.
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Additional info for Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology
2000b) pointed out that all studied solitary parasitoids cause their hosts to feed less, whereas for Predator/parasitoid recruitment by herbivore-injured plants 39 gregarious parasitoids this can vary. However, a reduction of herbivory does not necessarily imply a fitness gain for the plant. That plant fitness can indeed increase as a result of parasitization was convincingly demonstrated by G´omez and Zamora (1994). ) on the fitness of a woody crucifer, Hormathophylla spinosa. With exclusion experiments in the field, they were able to show that, in the presence of the parasitoids, plants that were attacked by the weevil produced more seeds per fruit than weevil-infested plants without parasitoids.
They also point out that ingested nicotine probably has not much effect on M. sexta but may negatively affect its natural enemies. Equally interesting is the finding by De Moraes et al. (2001) that in Nicotiana tabacum the odor emitted after caterpillar feeding is different during the night than during the day. , 1998), whereas the night time volatiles repelled female H. , 2001). Again the plant appears to choose what and when to emit. These examples suggest great sophistication in how the plants “choose” to respond to herbivore attack.
Biological activity of extracts from traditionally used Nigerian plants against the European corn borer. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 80: 531–537. Ewete, F. , Nicol, R. , Hengsawad, V. et al. (1996b). Inseciticdal activity of Aglaia odorata extract and its insecticidal principle rocaglamide to the European corn borer. Journal of Applied Entomology 120: 483–488. Feng, R. and Isman, M. B. (1995). Selection for resistance in green peach aphid. Experientia 51: 831–833. Fox, L. R. (1981).
Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology by Ring T. Cardé, Jocelyn G. Millar