By S. J. Shennan
Examines the serious implications of cultural identification from various views. Questions the character and bounds of archaeological wisdom of the previous and the connection of fabric tradition to cultural id.
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Additional info for Archaeological Approaches to Cultural Identity (One World Archaeology)
1) spell out the point clearly: Recent upheavals in the philosophy of science have turned the historian or sociologist of science into something of an anthropologist, an explorer of alien cultures. It is as if scientific paradigms and theoretical 1 2 INTRODUCTION frameworks were strung out in time like islands across an archipelago. Other minds, other cultures, other languages and other theoretical schemes call for understanding from within…. Is not the world, as interpreted in our scheme of things, but one of many?
Smith tends to take a positive view of the enterprise as a valid one. From a Marxist point of view Diaz-Polanco (in press) is sceptical, arguing that the whole approach is a romantic and unproductive one, associated with an ethnic separatism based around the idea of preserving indigenous groups in some sort of primeval condition. Such a viewpoint, argues Diaz-Polanco, encouraged by philosophers of Western capitalism, ensures that working-class interests and ethnic-minority interests in Third World countries are seen as being opposed to one another when in fact they are largely identical, a divide-and-rule policy which is to the benefit of multinational capitalist interests.
257): formal variation in material culture that has a distinct referent and transmits a clear message to a defined target population about conscious affiliation or identity…. Most frequently its referent will be a social group…, and thus it will be used to express objective social attributes of identity. Because it has a distinct referent, emblemic style carries information about the existence of groups and boundaries and not about degree of interaction across or between them. , p. 258): formal variation in material culture which is personally based and which carries information supporting individual identity….
Archaeological Approaches to Cultural Identity (One World Archaeology) by S. J. Shennan