By Scott Soames
In this interesting paintings, Scott Soames bargains a brand new perception of the connection among linguistic which means and assertions made by means of utterances. He supplies meanings of right names and common variety predicates and explains their use in perspective ascriptions. He additionally demonstrates the irrelevance of inflexible designation in realizing why theoretical identities containing such predicates are useful, if true.
"In this admirable ebook, Scott Soames offers good defended solutions to a couple of the main tough and significant qurstions within the philosophy of language, and he does so with attribute thoroughness, readability, and rigor."--Michael McKinsey, Canadian magazine of Philosophy
"This very good ebook is aptly titled, for in it Scott Soames systematically discusses and tremendously extends the semantic perspectives that Saul Kripke offered in Naming and Necessity. As Soames does this, he touches on a large choice of semantic issues, all of which he treats along with his regularly excessive measure of readability, intensity, and precision. a person who's attracted to the semantic matters raised via Naming and Necessity, or in additional contemporary paintings on right names, perspective ascriptions, and usual variety phrases, will locate this booklet indispensiable."--David Braun, collage of Rochester, in Linguistics and Philosophy.
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Additional resources for Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity
I will mention them very briefly, and then put them aside in order to focus on a new criticism. One of these criticisms concerns the question of whether proper names (like variables relative to assignments) designate their referents even with respect to worlds (and times) at which those individuals don't exist. 32 The most striking examples employed in their arguments exploit the parallels between temporal and modal semantics, and involve sentences like Plato is dead and Locke anticipated Kripke.
The reason they are able to do this, as Kripke points out, is that the linguistic mechanism determining the reference of a speaker's use of a name is typically the historical chain of transmission in which the speaker stands. The standard case goes roughly as follows: A name is introduced and, once introduced, is passed from one speaker to another. Each time it is passed to a new speaker, the person acquiring the name intends to use it to refer to whomever or whatever that person's sources use it to refer to.
First, the analysis states that sentences of different sorts that contain names semantically express the same propositions as sentences of various kinds containing descriptions. For this reason it is worth saying a word about what I am assuming about propositions. In addition to being expressed by sentences, I assume that propositions are both bearers of truth or falsity and objects of attitudes, such as believing and asserting. To say this is just to say that there are some things that can be asserted and believed, and that what is asserted and believed may also be true or false (either necessarily or contingently).
Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity by Scott Soames