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Download People, Land, and Politics: Demographic Developments and the by L. De Ligt, S. J. Northwood PDF

By L. De Ligt, S. J. Northwood

ISBN-10: 9004171185

ISBN-13: 9789004171183

ISBN-10: 9047424492

ISBN-13: 9789047424499

Contemporary learn has referred to as into query the orthodox view that the final centuries of the Roman Republic witnessed a decline of the loose rural inhabitants. but the results of the choice reconstructions of Italy's demographic background which have been proposed have by no means been explored systematically. This quantity bargains a chain of in-depth discussions not just of the republican manpower and census figures but additionally of the ample archaeological facts. It additionally explores the expansion of towns, specifically Rome, and the altering distribution of the inhabitants over the Italian panorama. at the rural facet it addresses the interaction among demographic, monetary, and criminal advancements and the history to the Gracchan land reforms. eventually it examines the political implications of demographic development and large-scale migration to the provinces. the quantity as an entire demonstrates that demography is the major to many features of Italy's financial, social, army, and political historical past.

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Download HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On: Psychosocial by Poul Rohleder, Leslie Swartz, Seth C. Kalichman, Leickness PDF

By Poul Rohleder, Leslie Swartz, Seth C. Kalichman, Leickness Chisamu Simbayi, E. Cameron

ISBN-10: 1441903054

ISBN-13: 9781441903051

HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On

Edited by way of Poul Rohleder, Leslie Swartz, Seth Kalichman, and Leickness Chisamu Simbayi

Much has occurred because the first visual appeal of AIDS in 1981: it's been pointed out, studied, and sometimes denied. The virus has shifted host populations and unfold globally. drugs, the social sciences, and global governments have joined forces to wrestle and stop the sickness. And South Africa has emerged as flooring 0 for the pandemic.

The editors of HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On current the South African obstacle as a template for addressing the myriad matters surrounding the epidemic around the globe, because the e-book brings jointly a generally scattered physique of literature, analyzes psychosocial and sexual elements contributing to HIV transmission and prevention, and delves into complicated intersections of race, gender, classification, and politics. together with mostly neglected populations and concerns (e.g., prisoners, folks with disabilities, stigma), in addition to demanding situations shaping destiny study and coverage, the participants process their themes with infrequent intensity, meticulous learn, conscientiously drawn conclusions, and profound compassion. one of the issues coated:

  • The courting among HIV and poverty, ranging from the query, "Which is the determinant and that's the consequence?"
  • Epidemiology of HIV between men and women: techniques of femininity and masculinity, and gender inequities as they impact HIV probability; gender-specific prevention and intervention recommendations.
  • The influence of AIDS on babies and children: probability and protecting elements; care of youngsters through HIV-positive moms; HIV-infected children.
  • Current prevention and therapy initiatives, together with local-level responses, community-based paintings, and VCT (voluntary counseling and trying out) programs.
  • New instructions: selling circumcision, vaccine trials, "positive prevention."
  • South Africa’s background of AIDS denialism.

The pressing classes during this ebook practice either globally and in the neighborhood, making HIV/AIDS in South Africa 25 Years On uniquely instructive and beneficial for execs operating in HIV/AIDS and worldwide public healthiness. With foreword through Edwin Cameron, Constitutional courtroom of South Africa.

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Download The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in by Omnia El Shakry PDF

By Omnia El Shakry

ISBN-10: 0804755671

ISBN-13: 9780804755672

The nice Social Laboratory charts the improvement of the human sciences—anthropology, human geography, and demography—in past due 19th- and twentieth-century Egypt. Tracing either highbrow and institutional genealogies of information creation, this publication examines social technology via a large diversity of texts and cultural artifacts, starting from the ethnographic museum, to architectural designs, to that top of social clinical research—”the article.” the writer explores the interface among ecu and Egyptian social clinical discourses and interrogates the bounds of information construction in a colonial and post-colonial environment. She examines the complicated imperatives of race, type, and gender within the Egyptian colonial context, uncovering the recent modes of governance, services, and social wisdom that outlined a particular period of nationalist politics within the inter- and post-war classes. ultimately, she examines the discursive box mapped out by way of colonial and nationalist discourses at the racial id of the trendy Egyptians.

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Download Early Life Conditions and Rapid Demographic Changes in the by Mary McEniry PDF

By Mary McEniry

ISBN-10: 9400769784

ISBN-13: 9789400769786

ISBN-10: 9400769792

ISBN-13: 9789400769793

This bookexamines the long run outcomes of advancements in existence expectancy within the mid 20th century that are in part chargeable for the expansion of the aged inhabitants within the constructing global. swift demographic alterations in baby and youngster mortality as a result relief in and higher therapy of illness weren't frequently observed through parallel raises in way of life. reduce mortality ended in better survival via those that had suffered terrible formative years stipulations. consequently, the formative years of those survivors may possibly clarify older grownup wellbeing and fitness and particularly the projected elevate in grownup overall healthiness disorder and diabetes. contemporary nutritional adjustments could in basic terms compound such formative years results. This learn provides findings from old and survey info on approximately 147,000 older adults in 20 low-, center- and high-income nations which recommend that the survivors of negative youth stipulations born in the course of the 1930s-1960s are at risk of ailment later in existence, particularly diabetes and center affliction. because the facts that the getting older method is formed during the whole existence direction raises, this e-book provides to the data concerning adolescence occasions and older grownup health.

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Download Italian Manpower 225 B.C.-A.D. 14 by P. A. Brunt PDF

By P. A. Brunt

ISBN-10: 0198142838

ISBN-13: 9780198142836

This learn of the dimensions of the Italian inhabitants from 225 B.C. to A.D. 14 attracts on early Roman census figures and each year estimates of the variety of males lower than hands to evaluate the character of Italian emigration, the consequences of wars and land settlements within the peninsula, and the economic system of Cisalpine Gaul and different areas.

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Download Social Security, Demographics, and Risk (Population by Christoph Hendrik Borgmann PDF

By Christoph Hendrik Borgmann

ISBN-10: 3540222685

ISBN-13: 9783540222682

ISBN-10: 3540266976

ISBN-13: 9783540266976

This quantity addresses crucial problems with the continued dialogue on designing social safeguard. It presents primary effects for pay-as-you-go social safety, covers the problems of social defense in the course of demographic transition and examines the inclusion of possibility features into the research of social defense. An empirical case learn of Germany yields the spectacular outcome that de facto the German public pension scheme already contains an implicit demographic issue. This e-book permits a refined figuring out of ways interacting hazards are taken care of inside of varied pension structures and thereby offers a foundation for the improvement of cutting edge methods of chance sharing.

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Download Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines by Linda A. Newson PDF

By Linda A. Newson

ISBN-10: 0824832728

ISBN-13: 9780824832728

Scholars have lengthy assumed that Spanish colonial rule had just a restricted demographic influence at the Philippines. Filipinos, they believed, had bought immunity to outdated global ailments sooner than Spanish arrival; conquest was once suggestion to were extra benign than what happened within the Americas due to extra enlightened colonial regulations brought by way of Philip II. Conquest and Pestilence within the Early Spanish Philippines illuminates the demographic heritage of the Spanish Philippines within the 16th and 17th centuries and, within the technique, demanding situations those assumptions.

In this provocative new paintings, Linda Newson convincingly demonstrates that the Filipino inhabitants suffered an important decline within the early colonial interval. Newson argues that the sparse inhabitants of the islands intended that previous global illnesses couldn't develop into endemic in pre-Spanish occasions. She additionally exhibits that the preliminary conquest of the Philippines used to be a ways bloodier than has usually been intended and that next Spanish calls for for tribute, hard work, and land introduced socioeconomic ameliorations and depopulation that have been lengthy past the early conquest years. Comparisons are made with the effect of Spanish colonial rule within the Americas.

Newson adopts a nearby process and examines significantly each one significant zone in Luzon and the Visayas in flip. construction on a variety of fundamental and secondary assets, she proposes a brand new estimate for the inhabitants of the Visayas and Luzon of 1.57 million in 1565―slightly better than that urged through prior studies―and calculates that by means of the mid-seventeenth century this determine can have fallen via approximately two-thirds.

Based on broad archival examine performed in secular and missionary files within the Philippines, Spain, and somewhere else, Conquest and Pestilence within the Early Spanish Philippines is an exemplary contribution to our knowing of the formative impacts on demographic swap in premodern Southeast Asian society and the historical past of the early Spanish Philippines.

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Download CEMAF as a Census Method: A Proposal for a Re-Designed by David A. Swanson PDF

By David A. Swanson

ISBN-10: 9400711948

ISBN-13: 9789400711945

In provocative phrases that push the envelope of technical, administrative, and felony functions, Swanson and Walashek suggest a re-vamped US census dependent neither at the present method, self-enumeration, nor its predecessor, door-to-door canvassing. as a substitute, they suggest that it's equipped on a mixture of 4 parts: (1) administrative files; (2) the constantly up to date grasp deal with dossier; (3) survey facts; and (4) modeling and imputation innovations. They use “Census-Enhanced grasp handle dossier (CEMAF) as a descriptive time period for his or her thought, that is in keeping with 4 rules and contains a suggestion for an self sufficient Census Bureau.

They argue that proof means that the tools used to behavior conventional census counts will be on the finish in their beneficial operating lives, as evidenced via expanding expenses and declining reaction charges. a few of their principles will appear farfetched. despite the fact that, Swanson and Walashek think this can be the time to debate radical proposals as governments reassess the software of conventional census counts and look at discount rates, as is the case in Canada and England.

This SpringerBriefs might be at the studying record of employees in statistical firms grappling with emerging expenditures and declining reaction premiums, in addition to census stakeholders serious about expenditures, accuracy, and census utility.

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Download Demography and Security: Proceedings of a Workshop, Paris, by Laurent Murawiec, David Adamson PDF

By Laurent Murawiec, David Adamson

ISBN-10: 0833030655

ISBN-13: 9780833030658

Demographic shifts are a reason, an impact, and a forerunner of geopoliticalshocks and variations. analyzing those shifts is a crucial step inany strategic review of the worldwide defense surroundings. Unfortunately,the demographic neighborhood and the strategic and security groups seldominteract. delivering venues for such interactions is accordingly very important. Forthis objective, RAND backed a workshop on Demography and NationalSecurity in Paris on the initiative of RAND_s inhabitants issues software inNovember 2000. The workshop introduced jointly French, American, and otherEuropean demographers; senior representatives from the French Ministry ofDefense; and researchers, economists, and specialists in geopolitics. Revealingdifferences emerged, either among demographers and national-security expertsand additionally among American and French individuals. assorted gadgets ofconcern surfaced, and contrasting perspectives of phenomena have been debated. Forexample, immigration and its social, cultural, and political affects tendedto be obvious in an altogether various mild at the aspects of theAtlantic. american citizens have been likely to concentrate on the geopoliticalimplications outdoors U.S. borders, whereas Europeans occupied with its domesticimplications.

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