OECD Review of Agricultural Policies Chile: (Spanish version)
Publisher: Org. for Economic Cooperation & Development (3 de diciembre de 2008)
Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub
Size: 8.9 MB
Downloadable formats: PDF
Chile's agricultural sector has played an important role in the country's economic development, helping to raise incomes and reduce poverty. The sector has benefited from a stable macroeconomic climate and an open trading environment, and exports have grown rapidly, notably for high value products such as wine and fruits. A current priority of the government is to broaden the basis of agricultural growth by successfully integrating the country's smallholders into commercial structures. This Review measures the level and composition of support provided to Chilean agriculture, and evaluates the effectiveness of current measures in attaining their objectives. The study finds that Chile provides much lower support and protection to its agricultural sector than most OECD countries, even though government expenditures on the sector have trebled in real terms over the past ten years. About half of that spending is on public goods such as infrastructure and irrigation, while the other half consists mostly of measures that seek to make Chile's poorer farmers more competitive. This report suggests ways in which the effectiveness of these policies might be enhanced, including by systematic evaluation of policy performance, by closer co-ordination across government agencies, and by framing policies for smallholders and salaried farm workers in an economy-wide context, so that agricultural policies can focus on potentially competitive farmers and be effectively distinguished from other development and social policies.